Switzerland, national Popular or citizen-initiated referendum [PCR] - Fakultatives Referendum

General Typology

Instrument
Popular or citizen-initiated referendum [PCR]
Location
Switzerland
Political level
national
Local Name:
Fakultatives Referendum
Normative Level:
constitutional
Legally Binding:
yes
Legally Defined:

Art. 141 Optional referendum
1 If within 100 days of the official publication of the enactment any 50,000 persons eligible to vote or any eight Cantons request it, the following shall be submitted to a vote of the People:
a. federal acts;
b. emergency federal acts whose term of validity exceeds one year;
c. federal decrees, provided the Constitution or an act so requires;
d. international treaties that:
1. are of unlimited duration and may not be terminated;
2. provide for accession to an international organisation;
3. contain important legislative provisions or whose implementation requires the enactment of federal legislation.

Subject Matter:

To veto federal acts, federal decrees in certain cases and international treaties in certain cases

Actors

Author:
authorities
Initiator:
citizens
Decision maker:
electorate

Requirements

Number Of Signatures:
50 000
Available Time:
100 days after official publication
Turnout Quorum:
Legal source does not mention turnout quorum
Approval Quorum:
Majority of votes
Geographical Quorum:
Legal source does not mention geographical quorum
Excluded Issues:
Other Formal Requirements:

Procedural Elements

Collection Mode:
Specify Collection Mode:
Wording Of Ballot Question:
Interaction With Authorities:
Supervision And Support:
Transparency And Finance:

Practice

Archive:
Remarks: