Missouri, USA, regional Obligatory referendum [LOR] - Proposal of amendments by general assembly

General Typology

Instrument
Obligatory referendum [LOR]
Location
Missouri, USA
Political level
regional
Local Name:
Proposal of amendments by general assembly
Normative Level:
constitutional
Legally Binding:
yes
Legally Defined:

Missouri Constitution, Article XII
Section 2(a). Constitutional amendments may be proposed at any time by a majority of the members-elect of each house of the general assembly, the vote to be taken by yeas and nays and entered on the journal.
Section 2(b). All amendments proposed by the general assembly or by the initiative shall be submitted to the electors for their approval or rejection by official ballot title as may be provided by law [...]
Section 3(c). Any proposed constitution or constitutional amendment adopted by the convention shall be submitted to a vote of the electors of the state [...]

Source: Constitution of the State of Missouri (accessed 10 Juli 2017)

Subject Matter:

Referring a proposed constitutional amendment to popular vote

Actors

Author:
Legislature or Constitutional Convention
Initiator:
Law : Constitution
Decision maker:
Electorate

Requirements

Available Time:
Turnout Quorum:
Legal source does not mention turnout quorum
Approval Quorum:
Legal source does not mention approval quorum
Geographical Quorum:
Legal source does not mention geographical quorum
Excluded Issues:
Other Formal Requirements:

Missouri Constitution, Article XII, Section 2(b)
[...] No [legislatively] proposed amendment shall contain more than one amended and revised article of this constitution, or one new article which shall not contain more than one subject and matters properly connected therewith. [...]

Source: Constitution of the State of Missouri (accessed 10 Juli 2017)

Procedural Elements

Wording Of Ballot Question:

Missouri Constitution, Article XII
Section 2(b)
All amendments proposed by the general assembly or by the initiative shall be submitted to the electors for their approval or rejection by official ballot title as may be provided by law, on a separate ballot without party designation, at the next general election, or at a special election called by the governor prior thereto, at which he may submit any of the amendments. [...] More than one amendment at the same election shall be so submitted as to enable the electors to vote on each amendment separately.

Section 3(c)
Any proposed constitution or constitutional amendment adopted by the convention shall be submitted to a vote of the electors of the state at such time, in such manner and containing such separate and alternative propositions and on such official ballot as may be provided by the convention, at a special election not less than sixty days nor more than six months after the adjournment of the convention.

Missouri Revised Statutes, Title IX, Chapter 116
116.010
[...]
(4) "Official ballot title" means the summary statement and fiscal note summary prepared for all statewide ballot measures in accordance with the provisions of this chapter which shall be placed on the ballot and, when applicable, shall be the petition title for initiative or referendum petitions;
[...]

116.155
1. The general assembly may include the official summary statement and a fiscal note summary in any statewide ballot measure that it refers to the voters.
2. The official summary statement approved by the general assembly shall, taken together with the approved fiscal note summary, be the official ballot title and such summary statement shall contain no more than fifty words, excluding articles. The title shall be a true and impartial statement of the purposes of the proposed measure in language neither intentionally argumentative nor likely to create prejudice either for or against the proposed measure.
3. The fiscal note summary approved by the general assembly shall contain no more than fifty words, excluding articles, which shall summarize the fiscal note prepared for the measure in language neither argumentative nor likely to create prejudice for or against the proposed measure.

116.160
1. If the general assembly adopts a joint resolution proposing a constitutional amendment or a bill without a fiscal note summary, which is to be referred to a vote of the people, after receipt of such resolution or bill the secretary of state shall promptly forward the resolution or bill to the state auditor. If the general assembly adopts a joint resolution proposing a constitutional amendment or a bill without an official summary statement, which is to be referred to a vote of the people, within twenty days after receipt of the resolution or bill, the secretary of state shall prepare and transmit to the attorney general a summary statement of the measure as the proposed summary statement. The secretary of state may seek the advice of the legislator who introduced the constitutional amendment or bill and the speaker of the house or the president pro tem of the legislative chamber that originated the measure. The summary statement may be distinct from the legislative title of the proposed constitutional amendment or bill. The attorney general shall within ten days approve the legal content and form of the proposed statement.
2. The official summary statement shall contain no more than fifty words, excluding articles. The title shall be a true and impartial statement of the purposes of the proposed measure in language neither intentionally argumentative nor likely to create prejudice either for or against the proposed measure.

116.170
If the general assembly adopts a joint resolution proposing a constitutional amendment or a bill without a fiscal note summary, which is to be referred to a vote of the people, the state auditor shall, within thirty days of delivery to the auditor, prepare and file with the secretary of state a fiscal note and a fiscal note summary for the proposed measure in accordance with the provisions of section 116.175.

Source: Missouri Revised Statutes (accessed 10 Juli 2017)) and Constitution of the State of Missouri (accessed 10 Juli 2017)

Interaction With Authorities:

Missouri Constitution, Article III, Section 52(b)
The veto power of the governor shall not extend to measures referred to the people. [...]

Source: Constitution of the State of Missouri (accessed 10 Juli 2017)

Supervision And Support:

Missouri Constitution, Article XII, Section 2(b)
[...] If possible, each proposed amendment shall be published once a week for two consecutive weeks in two newspapers of different political faith in each county, the last publication to be not more than thirty nor less than fifteen days next preceding the election. If there be but one newspaper in any county, publication for four consecutive weeks shall be made. [...]

Transparency And Finance:

Practice

Archive:
Remarks:

When contracting debts over $1,000,000, the legislature must use this process (Missouri Constitution, Article III, Section 37).