Lithuania, national Authorities' minority plebiscite [MTP] - Referendum

General Typology

Authorities' minority plebiscite [MTP]
Political level
Local Name:
Normative Level:
Legally Binding:
Legally Defined:

Article 9
The most significant issues concerning the life of the State and the Nation shall be decided by referendum.
In the cases established by law, the Seimas shall announce a referendum.

References: Constitution of Lithuania,(accessed 23.04.2020)

Article 9. Right of Initiative of Calling Referendum

1. The right of initiative of calling a referendum shall belong to the citizens and the Seimas.
3. A group comprising at least one-fourth of the Seimas Members may submit to the Seimas aproposal to call a referendum. A decision on this proposal shall be adopted in accordance with the procedure set forth by the Seimas Statute.

References: Law on Referendum 2002, amended 2003

Article 8. Determination of Results of Consultative (Deliberative) Referendum
1. A consultative (deliberative) referendum shall be deemed as having taken place if over one half of the citizens, who are eligible and have been registered in voter lists, have taken part in it,.
2. In the event, that over one half of the voters have taken part in the referendum and at least one half of those voters who have participated, have been in favour of the resolution, the resolution shall be deemed as having been adopted. The issue of the conducting of this referendum must be deliberated in the Seimas according to the procedure established by the Seimas Statute, within one month from its announcement.
3. In the event when fewer voters have taken part in the referendum, than has been stipulated in paragraph one of this Article, it shall be deemed that the referendum has not taken place, and the voters opinion voiced during its course, may be considered in the Seimas during the deliberation of laws and other draft legal acts.

References: Law on Referendum 2002, (accessed 23.04.2020)

Subject Matter:

To call a referendum


1/4 of members of parliament
1/4 of members of parliament
Decision maker:


Available Time:
Turnout Quorum:
Min. 50%+1 of total electorate takes part
Approval Quorum:
1/2 of votes
Geographical Quorum:
Legal source does not mention geographical quorum
Excluded Issues:
Other Formal Requirements:

Procedural Elements

Wording Of Ballot Question:
Interaction With Authorities:
Supervision And Support:
Transparency And Finance: