Kansas, USA, regional Obligatory referendum [LOR] - Constitutional Amendment and Revision

General Typology

Obligatory referendum [LOR]
Kansas, USA
Political level
Local Name:
Constitutional Amendment and Revision
Normative Level:
Legally Binding:
Legally Defined:

Kansas Constitution, Article XIV, Section 1
1: Proposals by legislature; approval by electors. Propositions for the amendment of this constitution may be made by concurrent resolution originating in either house of the legislature, and if two-thirds of all the members elected (or appointed) and qualified of each house shall approve such resolution, the secretary of state shall cause such resolution to be published in the manner provided by law. At the next election for representatives or a special election called by concurrent resolution of the legislature for the purpose of submitting constitutional propositions, such proposition to amend the constitution shall be submitted, both by title and by the amendment as a whole, to the electors for their approval or rejection. [...] If a majority of the electors voting on any such amendment shall vote for the amendment, the same shall become a part of the constitution. [...]
2: Constitutional conventions; approval by electors. [...] Proposals of the convention shall be submitted to the electors at the first general or special statewide election occurring not less than two months after final action thereon by the convention, and shall take effect in accordance with the provisions thereof in such form and with such notice as is directed by the convention upon receiving the approval of a majority of the qualified electors voting thereon.

Source: Constitution of the State of Kansas (retrieved 13 June 2017)

Subject Matter:

Amending the state constitution via obligatory referendum.


Authority : 2/3 majority of both houses of legislature or a constitutional convention
Law : Constitution
Decision maker:


Available Time:
Turnout Quorum:
Legal source does not mention turnout quorum
Approval Quorum:
Legal source does not mention specific approval quorum
Geographical Quorum:
Legal source does not mention geographical quorum
Excluded Issues:

The entire article on general provisions may not be revised by legislature.

Source: Constitution of the State of Kansas, Article XIV, Section 1 (retrieved 13 June 2017)

Other Formal Requirements:

A maximum of five amendments may be submitted by the legislature at a single election.

Amendments or revisions proposed by the legislature or constitutional convention will appear on the ballot in the next general election or a special election.

If the amendment is proposed by constitutional convention, the election must be at least two months after the final action on the amendment is taken.

Source: Constitution of the State of Kansas, Article XIV, Sections 1 & 2 (retrieved 13 June 2017)

Procedural Elements

Wording Of Ballot Question:

Kansas Constitution, Article XIV, Section 1
[...]The title by which a proposition is submitted shall be specified in the concurrent resolution making the proposition and shall be a brief nontechnical statement expressing the intent or purpose of the proposition and the effect of a vote for and a vote against the proposition. [...] When more than one amendment shall be submitted at the same election, such amendments shall be so submitted as to enable the electors to vote on each amendment separately. [...]

Source: Constitution of the State of Kansas (retrieved 13 June 2017)

The above refers to amendments proposed by legislature

Interaction With Authorities:
Supervision And Support:
Transparency And Finance: