Iowa, USA, regional Obligatory referendum [LOR] - Contracting debt - submission to the people

General Typology

Instrument
Obligatory referendum [LOR]
Location
Iowa, USA
Political level
regional
Local Name:
Contracting debt - submission to the people
Normative Level:
constitutional
Legally Binding:
yes
Legally Defined:

Iowa Constition
Article VII, Section 5
Contracting debt submission to the people. SEC. 5. Except the debts herein before specified in this article, no debt shall be hereafter contracted by, or on behalf of this state, unless such debt shall be authorized by some law for some single work or object, to be distinctly specified therein; and such law shall impose and provide for the collection of a direct annual tax, sufficient to pay the interest on such debt, as it falls due, and also to pay and discharge the principal of such debt, within twenty years from the time of the contracting thereof; but no such law shall take effect until at a general election it shall have been submitted to the people, and have received a majority of all the votes cast for and against it at such election; and all money raised by authority of such law, shall be applied only to the specific object therein stated, or to the payment of the debt created thereby; and such law shall be published in at least one newspaper in each county, if one is published therein, throughout the state, for three months preceding the election at which it is submitted to the people.

Source: 1857 Constitution of the State of Iowa (current through 2016 general election)

Subject Matter:

Referring laws concerning state debts to the electorate

Actors

Author:
Authority : Legislature
Initiator:
Law : Constitution
Decision maker:
Electorate

Requirements

Available Time:
Turnout Quorum:
Legal source does not mention turnout quorum
Approval Quorum:
Legal source does not mention specific approval quorum
Geographical Quorum:
Legal source does not mention geographical quorum
Excluded Issues:

This article only requires legislative referral of laws concerning creating state debts

Other Formal Requirements:

Iowa Constitution
Article VII, Section 5
Except the debts herein before specified in this article, no debt shall be hereafter contracted by, or on behalf of this state, unless such debt shall be authorized by some law for some single work or object, to be distinctly specified therein; and such law shall impose and provide for the collection of a direct annual tax, sufficient to pay the interest on such debt, as it falls due, and also to pay and discharge the principal of such debt, within twenty years from the time of the contracting thereof [...]

Source: 1857 Constitution of the State of Iowa (current through 2016 general election)

Procedural Elements

Wording Of Ballot Question:

49.44 Summary.
1. When a proposed constitutional amendment or other public measure to be decided by the voters of the entire state is to be voted upon, the state commissioner shall prepare a written summary of the amendment or measure including the number of the amendment or statewide public measure assigned by the state commissioner. The summary shall be printed immediately preceding the text of the proposed amendment or measure on the paper ballot [...]

Source: 2017 Iowa Code

Interaction With Authorities:

If the legislature does not fix a special time to vote on this bill, the bill will be put on the ballot in the next general election.

Source: 2017 Code of Iowa 49A.4

Supervision And Support:

49A.2 Publication of proposed public measure
Whenever any public measure has passed the general assembly which under the Constitution must be published and submitted to a vote of the entire people of the state, the state commissioner of elections shall cause the same to be published, once each month, in at least one newspaper of general circulation in each county in the state, for the time required by the Constitution [(3 months)].

Source: 2017 Code of Iowa

Transparency And Finance:

49A.9 Expenses.
Expenses incurred under the provisions of this chapter shall be audited and allowed by the director of the department of administrative services and paid out of any money in the state treasury not otherwise appropriated.

Source: 2017 Code of Iowa

Practice

Archive:
Remarks: