Arkansas, USA, regional Obligatory referendum [LOR] - Approval by electors

General Typology

Instrument
Obligatory referendum [LOR]
Location
Arkansas, USA
Political level
regional
Local Name:
Approval by electors - Taxes, Bonds
Normative Level:
constitutional
Legally Binding:
yes
Legally Defined:

Arkansas Constitution Article 5, 38

38 Taxes -- Increase -- Approval by electors.

2. None of the rates for property, excise, privilege or personal taxes, now levied shall be increased by the General Assembly except after the approval of the qualified electors voting thereon at an election, or in case of emergency, by the votes of three-fourths of the members elected to each House of the General Assembly. [As added to Art. 5 by Const. Amend. 19.]

[...]

AMENDMENT 20. STATE BONDS.

Bonds prohibited except when approved by majority vote of electors. -- Except for the purpose of refunding the existing outstanding indebtedness of the State and for assuming and refunding valid outstanding road improvement district bonds, the State of Arkansas shall issue no bonds or other evidence of indebtedness pledging the faith and credit of the State or any of its revenues for any purpose whatsoever, except by and with the consent of the majority of the qualified electors of the State voting on the question at a general election or at a special election called for that purpose.

Article 14 Education

(4) The General Assembly may by law propose an increase or decrease in the uniform rate of tax and submit the question to the electors of the state at the next general election. If a majority of the electors of the state voting on the issue vote For the proposed increase or decrease in the uniform rate of tax, the uniform rate of tax shall be increased or decreased as approved. If a majority of the electors of the state voting on the issue vote Against the proposed increase or decrease in the uniform rate of tax, the uniform rate of tax shall continue to be levied at the rate for the year in which the election is held.

Source: Constitution of the State of Arkansas of 1874 (accessed 1 Feb. 2017)

Subject Matter:

Requirement of a referendum when passing laws regarding property, excise, priviledge or personal taxes and issuing bonds

Actors

Author:
Authority : Both houses of legislature
Initiator:
Law : Constitution
Decision maker:
Electorate

Requirements

Available Time:
Turnout Quorum:
Legal source does not mention turnout quorum
Approval Quorum:
Majority of votes cast
Geographical Quorum:
Legal source does not mention geographical quorum
Excluded Issues:

All issues outside of increasing "property, excise, privilege or personal taxes" and issuing "bonds or other evidence of indebtedness pledging the faith and credit of the State or any of its revenues"

Source: The Constitution of the State of Arkansas of 1874 (accessed 1 Feb. 2017)

Other Formal Requirements:

Procedural Elements

Wording Of Ballot Question:
Interaction With Authorities:
Supervision And Support:
Transparency And Finance:

Practice

Archive:
Remarks: