New Jersey, USA, regional Obligatory referendum [LOR] - Amendments

General Typology

Instrument
Obligatory referendum [LOR]
Location
New Jersey, USA
Political level
regional
Local Name:
Amendments
Normative Level:
constitutional
Legally Binding:
yes
Legally Defined:

New Jersey Constitution, Article IX
1. Any specific amendment or amendments to this Constitution may be proposed in the Senate or General Assembly. [...] If the proposed amendment or amendments or any of them shall be agreed to by three-fifths of all the members of each of the respective houses, the same shall be submitted to the people. If the same or any of them shall be agreed to by less than three-fifths but nevertheless by a majority of all the members of each of the respective houses, such proposed amendment or amendments shall be referred to the Legislature in the next legislative year; and if in that year the same or any of them shall be agreed to by a majority of all the members of each of the respective houses, then such amendment or amendments shall be submitted to the people.
[...]
6. If the proposed amendment or amendments or any of them shall be approved by a majority of the legally qualified voters of the State voting thereon, the same shall become part of the Constitution on the thirtieth day after the election, unless otherwise provided in the amendment or amendments.
[...]

Source: New Jersey State Constitution 1947 (accessed 18  Oct. 2021)

Subject Matter:

Amending the state constitution

Actors

Author:
Legislature : The proposed constitutional amendments must be approved by 3/5 of each legislative house at one legislative session or by a simple majority of each legislative house for 2 consecutive legislative sessions (New Jersey Constitution, Article IX, Section 1).
Initiator:
Law : Constitution
Decision maker:
Electorate : The proposed amendment need only be approved by a majority of electors voting on it (New Jersey Constitution, Article IX, Section 6).

Requirements

Available Time:
Turnout Quorum:
Legal source does not mention turnout quorum
Approval Quorum:
Legal source does not mention approval quorum
Geographical Quorum:
Legal source does not mention geographical quorum
Excluded Issues:

New Jersey Constitution, Article IX
[...]
7. If at the election a proposed amendment shall not be approved, neither such proposed amendment nor one to effect the same or substantially the same change in the Constitution shall be submitted to the people before the third general election thereafter.

Source: New Jersey State Constitution 1947 (accessed 18  Oct. 2021)

Other Formal Requirements:

New Jersey Constitution, Article IX
1. [...] At least twenty calendar days prior to the first vote thereon in the house in which such amendment or amendments are first introduced, the same shall be printed and placed on the desks of the members of each house. Thereafter and prior to such vote a public hearing shall be held thereon. [...]

4. The proposed amendment or amendments shall then be submitted to the people at the next general election in the manner and form provided by the Legislature.
[...]

Source: New Jersey State Constitution 1947 (accessed 18  Oct. 2021)

Procedural Elements

Wording Of Ballot Question:

New Jersey Constitution, Article IX
[...]
4. The proposed amendment or amendments shall then be submitted to the people at the next general election in the manner and form provided by the Legislature.

5. If more than one amendment be submitted, they shall be submitted in such manner and form that the people may vote for or against each amendment separately and distinctly.
[...]

Source: New Jersey State Constitution 1947 (accessed 31 July 2017)

Interaction With Authorities:
Supervision And Support:

New Jersey Constitution, Article IX
[...]
3. The Legislature shall cause the proposed amendment or amendments to be published at least once in one or more newspapers of each county, if any be published therein, not less than three months prior to submission to the people.
[...]

Source: New Jersey State Constitution 1947 (accessed 31 July 2017)

Transparency And Finance:

Practice

Archive:
Remarks: