Michigan, USA, regional Obligatory referendum [LOR] - Completion of Initiative

General Typology

Obligatory referendum [LOR]
Michigan, USA
Political level
Local Name:
Completion of Initiative
Normative Level:
Legally Binding:
Legally Defined:

Michigan Constitution, Article II, Section 9
The people reserve to themselves the power to propose laws and to enact and reject laws, called the initiative [...]. The power of initiative extends only to laws which the legislature may enact under this constitution. [...] To invoke the initiative or referendum, petitions signed by a number of registered electors, not less than eight percent for initiative [...] of the total vote cast for all candidates for governor at the last preceding general election at which a governor was elected shall be required. [...] Any law proposed by initiative petition shall be either enacted or rejected by the legislature without change or amendment within 40 session days from the time such petition is received by the legislature. [...] If the law so proposed is not enacted by the legislature within the 40 days, the state officer authorized by law shall submit such proposed law to the people for approval or rejection at the next general election. [...] Any law submitted to the people by either initiative or referendum petition and approved by a majority of the votes cast thereon at any election shall take effect 10 days after the date of the official declaration of the vote. No law initiated or adopted by the people shall be subject to the veto power of the governor, and no law adopted by the people at the polls under the initiative provisions of this section shall be amended or repealed, except by a vote of the electors unless otherwise provided in the initiative measure or by three-fourths of the members elected to and serving in each house of the legislature.

Source: Constitution of Michigan of 1963 (accessed 3 Juli 2017)

Subject Matter:

Submitting laws initiated by the people and rejected by the legislature to popular vote


Citizen : For the instrument concerning the first part of this initiative process, see Michigan PAX: Initiative
Legislature : Initiative becomes law if passed unchanged by legislature and subject to popular vote if not passed.
Decision maker:


Available Time:
Turnout Quorum:
Legal source does not mention turnout quorum
Approval Quorum:
Legal source does not mention approval quorum
Geographical Quorum:
Legal source does not mention geographical quorum
Excluded Issues:

Only laws that the legislature is allowed to pass may be initiated.

Source: Constitution of Michigan of 1963, Article II, Section 9 (accessed 3 Juli 2017)

Other Formal Requirements:

Procedural Elements

Wording Of Ballot Question:

Compiled Laws, Chapter 168 (Act 116), 168.485
A question submitted to the electors of this state or the electors of a subdivision of this state shall, to the extent that it will not confuse the electorate, be worded so that a €œyes€ vote will be a vote in favor of the subject matter of the proposal or issue and a €œno€ vote will be a vote against the subject matter of the proposal or issue. The question shall be worded so as to apprise the voters of the subject matter of the proposal or issue, but need not be legally precise. The question shall be clearly written using words that have a common everyday meaning to the general public. The language used shall not create prejudice for or against the issue or proposal.

Source: Michigan Compiled Laws (accessed 3 Juli 2017)

Interaction With Authorities:
Supervision And Support:

Compiled Laws, Chapter 168 (Act 116), 168.477
If the board of state canvassers declares that the petition is sufficient, the secretary of state shall send copies of the statement of purpose of the proposal as approved by the board of state canvassers to the several daily and weekly newspapers published in this state, with the request that the newspapers give as wide publicity as possible to the proposed amendment or other question. Publication of any matter by any newspaper under this section shall be without expense or cost to the state of Michigan.

Source: Michigan Compiled Laws (accessed 3 Juli 2017)

Transparency And Finance: