Maryland, USA, regional Obligatory referendum [LOR] - Amendments to the Constitution

General Typology

Instrument
Obligatory referendum [LOR]
Location
Maryland, USA
Political level
regional
Local Name:
Amendments to the Constitution
Normative Level:
constitutional
Legally Binding:
yes
Legally Defined:

Maryland Constitution, Article XIV
Section 1
The General Assembly may propose Amendments to this Constitution [...]. The bill or bills proposing amendment or amendments shall be publicized [...] preceding the next ensuing general election, at which the proposed amendment or amendments shall be submitted, in a form to be prescribed by the General Assembly, to the qualified voters of the State for adoption or rejection. [...]
Section 2
[...] But any Constitution, or change, or amendment of the existing Constitution, which may be adopted by such [Constitutional] Convention, shall be submitted to the voters of this State, and shall have no effect unless the same shall have been adopted by a majority of the voters voting thereon.

Source: Constitution of Maryland (retrieved 22 June 2017)

Subject Matter:

Proposing constitutional amendments or a new constitution to the electorate

Actors

Author:
Authority : must pass by a 3/5 majority of the General Assembly (legislature)
Initiator:
Law
Decision maker:
Electorate

Requirements

Available Time:
Turnout Quorum:
Legal source does not mention turnout quorum
Approval Quorum:
Legal source does not mentino approval quorum
Geographical Quorum:
If the amendment only affects one county (or the city of Baltimore), it must receive the majority of votes in that county (or Baltimore). (Maryland Constitution, Article XIV, Section 1)
Excluded Issues:
Other Formal Requirements:

Maryland Constitution, Article XIV, Section 1
[...] each Amendment shall be embraced in a separate bill, embodying the Article or Section, as the same will stand when amended [...]. The requirement in this section that an amendment proposed by the General Assembly shall be embraced in a separate bill shall not be construed or applied to prevent the General Assembly from (1) proposing in one bill a series of amendments to the Constitution of Maryland for the general purpose of removing or correcting constitutional provisions which are obsolete, inaccurate, invalid, unconstitutional, or duplicative; or (2) embodying in a single Constitutional amendment one or more Articles of the Constitution so long as that Constitutional amendment embraces only a single subject. [...]

Source: Constitution of Maryland (retrieved 22 June 2017)

Procedural Elements

Wording Of Ballot Question:

Maryland Constitution, Article XIV, Section 1
[...] When two or more amendments shall be submitted to the voters of this State at the same election, they shall be so submitted as that each amendment shall be voted on separately.

Election Code, § 7-103
[...]
(b) General guidelines. -- Each question shall appear on the ballot containing the following information:
(1) a question number or letter as determined under subsection (d) of this section;
(2) a brief designation of the type or source of the question;
(3) a brief descriptive title in boldface type;
(4) a condensed statement of the purpose of the question; and
(5) the voting choices that the voter has.
[...]

Source: Constitution of Maryland (current through 6 November 2012) and Maryland Election Law Code (retrieved 22 June 2017)

Interaction With Authorities:
Supervision And Support:

Maryland Constitution, Article XIV, Section 1
[...] The bill or bills proposing amendment or amendments shall be publicized, either by publishing, by order of the Governor, in at least two newspapers, in each County, where so many may be published, and where not more than one may be published, then in that newspaper, and in three newspapers published in the City of Baltimore, once a week for four weeks, or as otherwise ordered by the Governor in a manner provided by law, immediately preceding the next ensuing general election, at which the proposed amendment or amendments shall be submitted [...]

Election Code § 7-105
[...]
(b) Questions submitted under Article XIV or XVI, Maryland Constitution. --
(1) For any question submitted under Article XIV or Article XVI of the Maryland Constitution, the notice required by subsection (a) of this section shall contain the information specified in § 7-103(b) of this title and a brief statement, prepared in clear and concise language, devoid of technical and legal terms to the extent practicable, summarizing the question.
(2) The statement required under paragraph (1) of this subsection shall be:
(i) prepared by the Department of Legislative Services;
(ii) approved by the Attorney General; and
(iii) submitted to the State Board by the fourth Monday in August.
[...]

Source: Constitution of Maryland (current through 6 November 2012) and Maryland Election Law Code (retrieved 22 June 2017)

Transparency And Finance:

Practice

Archive:
Remarks: