Germany, regional Obligatory referendum [LOR] - Neugliederung der Länder Baden, Württemberg-Baden, Württemberg-Hohenzollern

General Typology

Obligatory referendum [LOR]
Political level
Local Name:
Neugliederung der Länder Baden, Württemberg-Baden, Württemberg-Hohenzollern
Normative Level:
Legally Binding:
Legally Defined:

Article 118

The division of the territory comprising Baden, Württemberg-Baden and Württemberg-Hohenzollern into Länder may be revised, without regard to the provisions of Article 29, by agreement between the Länder concerned. If no agreement is reached, the revision shall be effected by a federal law, which shall provide for an advisory referendum.

References: Basic Law Germany, 1949

3. (1) It following voting districts are formed:
Voting district I:
the land of Baden,
Voting district II:
the regional district of the land Württemberg-Baden, Baden
Voting district III:
the land Württemberg-Hohenzollern,
Voting district IV:
the regional district of Württemberg of the land Baden-Württemberg.

10 (1) If there is a majority in the referendum in the total voting area and in at least three of the voting districts, formed according to 3, votes for the unification of the countries to a common state, so this state is formed in accordance with paragraphs 11 to 20 of this law.

Second law about the restructuring in the countries of Baden, Württemberg-Baden and Württemberg-Hohenzollern, 1951

Subject Matter:

New delimitation of Länder in the Southwest


Federal Parliament
Decision maker:
Electorate in the states in question


Available Time:
Turnout Quorum:
Legal source does not mention turnout quorum
Approval Quorum:
Majority of the votes
Geographical Quorum:
At least in three voting areas majority of the votes
Excluded Issues:
Other Formal Requirements:

Procedural Elements

Wording Of Ballot Question:
Interaction With Authorities:
Supervision And Support:
Transparency And Finance:



This instrument only came into effect, because the three federal states in question were not able to agree on a law, as Art. 118, first sentence demands.