Ecuador, national Popular or citizens initiative [PCI] - Consulta popular

General Typology

Instrument
Popular or citizens initiative [PCI]
Location
Ecuador
Political level
national
Local Name:
Consulta popular
Normative Level:
constitutional
Legally Binding:
yes
Legally Defined:

Article 104. The corresponding electoral body shall convene a referendum as ordered by the President of the Republic, the supreme authority of decentralized autonomous governments or citizen initiative.
The President of the Republic shall instruct the National Electoral Council to convene a referendum on matters he/she deems advisable.
Decentralized autonomous governments, on the basis of a decision taken by three fourths of their members, can request that a referendum be convened on issues of interest for their jurisdiction.
Citizens will be able to request the call for a referendum on any matter. When the referendum is nationwide, the petitioner must reckon with the backing of a number accounting for no less than five percent (5%) of the persons registered in the voter registration list; when the referendum is local, it must be backed by a number accounting for no less than 10% of the corresponding voter list.
When the referendum is requested by Ecuadorians abroad, for matters of interest to them and involving the Ecuadorian State, it shall require the backing of a number accounting for no less than five percent (5%) of the persons registered on the voter registration list of their special voting precinct.
Referendums requested by the decentralized autonomous governments or the citizenry shall not be able to refer to tax-related matters or the countrys political and administrative structure, except for what is provided for in the Constitution.
In all cases, a previous ruling by the Constitutional Court on the constitutionality of the proposed questions shall be required.

Art. 106 (..)
For the adoption of a matter proposed for referendum, plebiscite or recall, an absolute majority of valid votes shall be required, except for a referendum to recall the President of the Republic, in which case the absolute majority of voters is required.

Ref.: Constitution of Ecuador, 2008  (Accessed 24.01.2020)

Subject Matter:

To call a popular consultation on national level

Actors

Author:
Citizens
Initiator:
Citizens
Decision maker:
The whole electorate

Requirements

Number Of Signatures:
5% of the electorate
Available Time:
180 days
Turnout Quorum:
Legal source does not mention turnout quorum
Approval Quorum:
Absolute majority of valid votes
Geographical Quorum:
Legal source does not mention geographical quorum
Excluded Issues:

"Referendums requested by the decentralized autonomous governments or the citizenry shall not be able to refer to tax-related matters or the country´s political and administrative structure, except for what is provided for in the Constitution."

Other Formal Requirements:

Procedural Elements

Collection Mode:
free
Specify Collection Mode:
Wording Of Ballot Question:
Interaction With Authorities:

Article 21. Popular consultation by citizen initiative.- The citizenship may request the call for a referendum on any issue. Popular consultations requested by the autonomous governments or citizens not may refer to matters relating to taxes, public spending, or the Organization political administration of the country, except as provided in the Constitution.
In all cases, the prior opinion of the Constitutional Court on the constitutionality of the proposed questions will be required.
(..)

References: LEY ORGÁNICA DE PARTICIPACIÓN CIUDADANA (abril del 2010).

Supervision And Support:
Transparency And Finance:

Practice

Archive:
Remarks: