Comparison-Tools / Detail

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A chart will appear showing you a side-by-side country comparison of the instrument type, the number of signatures (exception: the obligatory referendum), the allotted time to collect signatures, and the approval and turnout quorum

All political levels

Country PCI Number of signatures Available time Approval quorum Turnout quorum
Bolivia LOR Legal source does not mention special approval quorum Legal source does not mention turnout quorum
Bolivia PCR 5% No information in legal source Legal source does not mention special approval quorum Legal source does not mention turnout quorum
Bolivia LOR Legal source does not mention special approval quorum Legal source does not mention turnout quorum
Brazil ATP Simple majority of voters. Legal source does not mention turnout quorum
Brazil PAX 1% No information found in source
Costa Rica PCI 5% of the electorate 9 months Legal source does not mention special approval quorum 30% for ordinary laws; 40% for laws with qualified majority
Bolivia LOR Legal source does not mention special approval quorum Legal source does not mention turnout quorum
Bolivia PCI 20% of the elect. No information in legal source Legal source does not mention special approval quorum Legal source does not mention turnout quorum
Bolivia ATP Legal source does not mention special approval quorum Legal source does not mention turnout quorum
Barbados ATP
Bolivia MVP Legal source does not mention special approval quorum Legal source does not mention turnout quorum
Costa Rica ATP Legal source does not mention special approval quorum Legal source does not mention turnout quorum
Costa Rica PAX 5% of the electorate No information in legal source
Antigua and Barbuda LOR Not less than two-thirds of all the votes validly cast on that referendum Legal source does not mention turnout quorum
Antigua and Barbuda ATP Legal source does not mention turnout quorum
Argentina ATP Legal source does not mention special approval quorum Legal source does not mention turnout quorum
Argentina PAX 1,5% of electorate No information found in legal source
The Bahamas LOR Majority of voters Legal source does not mention turnout quorum
Barbados ATP Legal source does not mention special approval quorum Legal source does not mention turnout quorum
Belize ATP Legal source does not mention special approval quorum Legal source does not mention turnout quorum
Belize LOR Legal source does not mention special approval quorum Legal source does not mention turnout quorum
Colombia ATP Legal source does not mention special approval quorum Legal source does not mention turnout quorum
Colombia PAX 5% of the electorate No information in legal source
Colombia ATP More than half of the voters Number must exceed one-fourth of the total number of citizens included in the electoral rolls
Colombia PCR 10% of the elect. Six months Half plus one of the voters need to approve 25% need to participate in the referendum
Dominica LOR Majority of votes Legal source does not mention turnout quorum
Dominican Republic ATP Legal source does not mention special approval quorum Legal source does not mention turnout quorum
Dominican Republic LOR More than half of the votes Yes votes must exeed 30% of the total electorate
Ecuador PAX 1% of the electorate No information found in legal source 50% plus one of the valid votes
Ecuador LOR 50% plus one of the valid votes Legal source does not mention turnout quorum
Ecuador PCI 12% of the elect. 180 days Absolute majority of valid votes Legal source does not mention turnout quorum
Ecuador LOR 50% plus one of the valid votes Legal source does not mention turnout quorum
Ecuador PAX 0.25% of the elect. No information in legal source
Paraguay LOR Legal source does not mention special approval quorum Legal source does not mention turnout quorum
Ecuador PCI 5% of the electorate 180 days Absolute majority of valid votes Legal source does not mention turnout quorum
Ecuador ATP Absolute majority of valid votes Legal source does not mention turnout quorum
El Salvador LOR Legal source does not mention special approval quorum Legal source does not mention turnout quorum
Guatemala ATP Legal source does not mention special approval quorum Legal source does not mention turnout quorum
Guatemala LOR Legal source does not mention special approval quorum Legal source does not mention turnout quorum
Guatemala PAX 5000 people No information in legal source
Guatemala LOR Legal source does not mention special approval quorum Legal source does not mention turnout quorum
Argentina ATP Legal source does not mention special approval quorum Legal source does not mention turnout quorum
Bolivia PCI 20% of the electorate No information in legal source Legal source does not mention special approval quorum Legal source does not mention turnout quorum
Austria ATP Legal source does not mention special approval quorum Legal source does not mention turnout quorum
Kenya PCI 1 000 000 No information found in legal source 255 (2) (b) the amendment is supported by a simple majority of the citizens voting in the referendum. 255 (2) A proposed amendment shall be approved by a referendum under clause (1) if— (a) at least twenty per cent of the registered voters in each of at least half of the counties vote in the referendum;
Jamaica LOR Depending on the type of amendments (see above): According Art.49 (3) - majority Acoording Art 49 (5) - 3/5th majority According Art.49 (6) - 2/3rd majority Legal source does not mention turnout quorum
Panama LOR Legal source does not mention special approval quorum Legal source does not mention turnout quorum
Panama LOR Legal source does not mention special approval quorum Legal source does not mention turnout quorum
Benin ATP Legal source does not mention special approval quorum Legal source does not mention turnout quorum
Paraguay ATP majority Legal source does not mention turnout quorum
Montenegro ATP No special approval quorum found in constitution No information found in constitution
Peru LOR Half plus one of the voters have voted in favor of the referendum It is valid only if it is approved by not less than 30% of the total number of voters Legal source does not mention turnout quorum
Serbia PCI 100 000 7 days - Article 36 ZAKON O REFERENDUMU I NARODNOJ INICIJATIV (accessed August 2, 2018) Majority 50% of the electorate - Article 24 ZAKON O REFERENDUMU I NARODNOJ INICIJATIV (accessed August 2, 2018)
Peru PCI 10% of the electorate No information found in legal sources Majority (50%+1). Majority must be min. 30% of the total electorate
Saint Lucia LOR Majority of votes Legal source does not mention turnout quorum
Saint Lucia ATP Legal source does not mention special approval quorum (General rule) Legal source does not mention turnout quorum (General rule)
Suriname ATP Legal source does not mention special approval quorum Legal source does not mention turnout quorum
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines LOR Two-thirds of all the votes validly cast Legal source does not mention turnout quorum
Uruguay PCR 25% of the electorate No information found in legal source Legal source does not mention special approval quorum None
Uruguay PCI+ 10% of the electorate No information in legal source Absolute majority Yes votes need to represent at least 35% of the electorate
Uruguay LOR Absolute majority Yes votes need to represent at least 35% of the electorate
Panama LOR Legal source does not mention special approval quorum Legal source does not mention turnout quorum
Austria PAX 100 000 8 days
Austria LOR Legal source does not mention special approval quorum Legal source does not mention turnout quorum
Austria LOR Legal source does not mention special approval quorum Legal source does not mention turnout quorum
Austria MTP Legal source does not mention special approval quorum Legal source does not mention turnout quorum
Estonia LOR Legal source does not mention special approval quorum Legal source does not mention turnout quorum
Bulgaria ATP More than half of voters Article 23 (1) The proposal, subject to the referendum thereof, shall be considered accepted if the number of voters, who have participated in the balloting, is not less than the voters who participated in the last National Assembly elections and if more
Bulgaria PAX 200 000 up to 399 999 Article 12 (8) provides that if the petition is not submitted to the National Assembly within three months upon the notification under Paragraph 2 (3), the procedure for presenting the referendum proposal shall be terminated.
Bulgaria PAX 50 No information in legal source
Denmark LOR At least 40 per cent of the total electorate, have voted in favour of the Bill as passed by the Folketing At least 40 per cent of the total electorate, have voted in favour of the Bill as passed by the Folketing
Denmark LOR Accepted: Majority Rejection: Majority equals at least 30% of total electorate Art. 42 (5) At the referendum votes shall be cast for or against the Bill. For the Bill to be rejected, a majority of the electors who vote and not less than thirty per cent of all persons who are entitled to vote, shall have voted against the Bill.
Denmark MTP Accepted: Majority Bill rejected: Majority needs to equal at least 30% of total electorate Art. 42 (5) At the referendum votes shall be cast for or against the Bill. For the Bill to be rejected, a majority of the electors who vote and not less than thirty per cent of all persons who are entitled to vote, shall have voted against the Bill.
Estonia ATP Legal source does not mention special approval quorum Legal source does not mention turnout quorum
Estonia ATP Majority Legal source does not mention turnout quorum
Finland ATP See turnout quorum remarks Section 53 - Referendums The decision to organise a consultative referendum is made by an Act, which shall contain provisions on the time of the referendum and on the choices to be presented to the voters. Provisions concerning the conduct of a referendum
France ATP Legal source does not mention special approval quorum Legal source does not mention turnout quorum
France LOR Legal source does not mention special approval quorum Legal source does not mention turnout quorum
France LOR Legal source does not mention special approval quorum Legal source does not mention turnout quorum
Greece ATP Majority of valid votes At least 40% of the citizens registered as voters have voted
Ireland LOR Legal source does not mention special approval quorum Legal source does not mention turnout quorum
Ireland ATP Law is vetoed by the people if a majority of the votes cast at such Referendum shall have been against its enactment into law The votes so cast against its enactment into law shall have amounted to not less than thirty-three and one-third per cent.
Italy PAX 50 000 6 months
Italy PCR 500 000 3 Months Majority of valid votes Binding: 50% of the electorate takes part
Italy MTP Majority of valid votes has been achieved The referendum shall be considered to have been carried if the majority of those eligible has voted ...
Italy PCR 500 000 3 Months (after passing a constit. amendment) Majority of valid votes Legal source does not mention turnout quorum
Italy MTP 3 Months (after passing a constit. amendment) Majority of valid votes Legal source does not mention turnout quorum
Latvia LOR Adopted if at least half of the electorate has voted in favour (Art. 79 Constitution) Legal source does not mention turnout quorum
Latvia AVP 1/10 of electorate 2 months majority Number of voters must be at least half of the number of last parlamentary elections
Latvia PCI 1/10 of the electora Majority Constitutional amendment: half of the electorate; Law: participation min. last parlamentary election
Latvia ATP Legal source does not mention special approval quorum Legal source does not mention turnout quorum
Latvia LOR More than half of the votes Legal source does not mention turnout quorum
Lithuania LOR 2/3rd majority of electorate 2/3 majority must represent those having voting right
Lithuania LOR More than half having the right to vote and having been registered on voter lists have approved it More than half having the right to vote and having been registered on voter lists have approved it
Lithuania PAX 50 0000 No information in legal source
Lithuania LOR Min. 3/4 majority At least three fourths having the right to vote and having been registered in voter lists, have approved
Lithuania LOR Legal source does not mention special approval quorum Over 1/2 having the right to vote and having been registered in voter lists, have taken part in it.
Lithuania PCI 300 000 3 months majority 50%+ of total electorate taking part; Yes votes must be at least 1/3 of electorate
Lithuania MTP 1/2 of votes Min. 50%+1 of total electorate takes part
Lithuania PAX 300 000 3 months majority - In the event when fewer voters have taken part in the referendum, than has been stipulated in paragraph one of this Article, it shall be deemed that the referendum has not taken place, and the voters opinion voiced during its course, may be co 50% of the total electorate voted - In the event when fewer voters have taken part in the referendum, than has been stipulated in paragraph one of this Article, it shall be deemed that the referendum has not taken place, and the voters opinion voiced dur
Luxembourg PCR 25 000 2 months Majority of valid cast Legal source does not mention turnout quorum
Luxembourg MTP 2 months Majoritry of the valid cast Legal source does not mention turnout quorum
Luxembourg ATP Legal source does not mention special approval quorum Legal source does not mention turnout quorum
Malta LOR Majority of electors Legal source does not mention turnout quorum
Malta ATP Legal source does not mention special approval quorum Legal source does not mention turnout quorum
Portugal ATP Legal source does not mention special approval quorum Number of voters must exceed half of registered electorate to be binding
Portugal PAX 75 000 No information in legal source
Romania LOR Legal source does not mention special approval quorum Legal source does not mention turnout quorum
Romania PAX 100 000 No information found in legal source
Romania PAX 500 000 No information in legal source
Romania ATP Legal source does not mention special approval quorum Legal source does not mention turnout quorum
Slovakia LOR Majority of voters Absolute majority of electorate
Slovakia ATP Absolute majority of voters. Absolute majority of electors have participated
Sweden MTP For no-decision: 50%+1 of participanting voters and 50%+1 of participating voters in parallel parliament Legal source does not mention turnout quorum
Slovenia PAX 5000 No information in legal source
Slovenia ATP Legal source does not mention special approval quorum Legal source does not mention turnout quorum
Slovenia PAX 30 000 No information in legal source
Slovenia PCR 40 000 35 days Law is rejected majority of voters who have cast valid votes and at least one fifth of all qualified voters have voted against the law At least one fifth of all qualified voters have voted against the law
Slovenia MTP Majority of voters Majority of total electorate takes part in ballot
Spain MTP Legal source does not mention special approval quorum Legal source does not mention turnout quorum
Spain PAX 500 000 9 (12) months
Spain ATP Legal source does not mention special approval quorum Legal source does not mention turnout quorum
Andorra ATP Legal source does not mention special approval quorum Legal source does not mention turnout quorum
Croatia ATP Legal source does not mention special approval quorum Majority of voters taking part
Croatia PCI 10% of electorate 15 days Legal source does not mention special approval quorum Majority of voters taking part
Iceland LOR Legal source does not mention special approval quorum Legal source does not mention turnout quorum
Iceland LOR Legal source does not mention special approval quorum Legal source does not mention turnout quorum
Iceland AVP Legal source does not mention special approval quorum Legal source does not mention turnout quorum
United Kingdom ATP
Liechtenstein PCI+ 1000 6 weeks Legal source does not mention special approval quorum Legal source does not mention turnout quorum
Liechtenstein PAX 1000 6 weeks
Liechtenstein PCI+ 1500 6 weeks Legal source does not mention special approval quorum Legal source does not mention turnout quorum
Liechtenstein PAX 1500 6 weeks
Liechtenstein PCR 1000 30 days Legal source does not mention special approval quorum Legal source does not mention turnout quorum
Liechtenstein PCR 1500 30 days Legal source does not mention special approval quorum Legal source does not mention turnout quorum
Liechtenstein ATP Legal source does not mention special approval quorum Legal source does not mention turnout quorum
Liechtenstein PCI+ 1500 6 weeks Legal source does not mention special approval quorum Legal source does not mention turnout quorum
Liechtenstein MVP 6 weeks Legal source does not mention special approval quorum Legal source does not mention turnout quorum
Liechtenstein MVP 6 weeks Legal source does not mention special approval quorum Legal source does not mention turnout quorum
Liechtenstein MTP 30 days Legal source does not mention special approval quorum Legal source does not mention turnout quorum
Liechtenstein MTP 30 days Legal source does not mention special approval quorum Legal source does not mention turnout quorum
Macedonia (FYROM) PAX 10 000 No information in legal source
Macedonia (FYROM) ATP Legal source does not mention special approval quorum More than half of the total number of voters voted
Macedonia (FYROM) PCI 150 000 No information in legal source Legal source does not mention special approval quorum More than half of the total number of voters voted
Macedonia (FYROM) LOR Majority: 50%+ of all voters Legal source does not mention turnout quorum
San Marino PCR 1,5% of total voters 90 days Majority of votes is at least 32% of total electorate Legal source does not mention turnout quorum
San Marino PAX 60 No information in legal source
San Marino PCI 1,5% of the elect. 45 days The proposal submitted to referendum is approved if it obtains majority of the votes validly cast Majority is not less than 32% (trentaduepercento) of votes of the electors registered to vote
San Marino PCR 1,5% of electorate 45 days The proposal submitted to referendum is approved if it obtains majority of the votes validly cast Majority is not less than 32% (trentaduepercento) of votes of the electors registered to vote
San Marino ATP The proposal submitted to referendum is approved if it obtains majority of the votes validly cast Majority is not less than 32% (trentaduepercento) of votes of the electors registered to vote
San Marino ATP 45 days The proposal submitted to referendum is approved if it obtains majority of the votes validly cast Majority is not less than 32% (trentaduepercento) of votes of the electors registered to vote
Kenya ATP General constitutional rule General constitutional rule
Kenya LOR Simple majority of the citizens voting in the referendum At least twenty per cent of the registered voters in each of at least half of the counties vote in the referendum
Benin ATP Legal source does not mention special approval quorum Legal source does not mention turnout quorum
Benin LOR Legal source does not mention special approval quorum Legal source does not mention turnout quorum
Botswana LOR Majority of the voters Legal source does not mention turnout quorum
Cape Verde ATP Legal source does not mention special approval quorum Legal source does not mention turnout quorum
Cape Verde PAX No information in legal source No information in legal source
Comoros ATP General constitutional rule General constitutional rule
Comoros ATP Legal source does not mention special approval quorum Legal source does not mention turnout quorum
Lesotho LOR Majority of electors Legal source does not mention turnout quorum
Liberia LOR 2/3rd of the registered voters Legal source does not mention turnout quorum
Malawi LOR Majority of voters Legal source does not mention turnout quorum
Malawi ATP Legal source does not mention special approval quorum Legal source does not mention turnout quorum
Mauritius LOR 3 quarters of the electorate Legal source does not mention turnout quorum
Namibia ATP Legal source does not mention special approval quorum Legal source does not mention turnout quorum
Namibia ATP Two-thirds majority of all the votes cast Legal source does not mention turnout quorum
São Tomé and Príncipe ATP Legal source does not mention special approval quorum Legal source does not mention turnout quorum
Senegal LOR Legal source does not mention special approval quorum Legal source does not mention turnout quorum
Senegal ATP Legal source does not mention special approval quorum Legal source does not mention turnout quorum
Seychelles LOR 60% majority Legal source does not mention turnout quorum
Seychelles ATP Legal source does not mention special approval quorum Legal source does not mention turnout quorum
South Africa ATP
South Africa ATP
South Africa ATP Legal source does not mention special approval quorum Legal source does not mention turnout quorum
Zambia LOR Legal source does not mention special approval quorum Not less than 50% entitled to be registered as voters
Zambia ATP Legal source does not mention special approval quorum Legal source does not mention turnout quorum
Poland PAX 100 000 3 months
Poland ATP Legal source does not mention special approval quorum Binding: If more than half of the electorate participated. Validity: Supreme Court
Poland AVP Legal source does not mention special approval quorum Binding, if more than half of the number of those having the right to vote have participated in it.
Poland ATP Majority of those voting Legal source does not mention turnout quorum
Hungary PCI 200 000 No information in legal source More than half of valid votes Valid votes: Min 50% of electorate
Hungary PAX 100 000 No information in legal source
Hungary ATP It shall be deemed successful if more than half of those voting validly voted yes. No information found in legal source
Australia LOR Majority of electors Legal source does not mention turnout quorum
Australia LOR Majority of the electorate Legal source does not mention turnout quorum
Australia AVP Majority of the electorate Legal source does not mention turnout quorum
Australia ATP
Kiribati LOR Not less than two-third of all the persons entitled to vote in the referendum None
Marshall Islands LOR Majority of votes Legal source does not mention turnout quorum
Marshall Islands LOR Approved by two-thirds of the votes validly cast in a referendum of all qualified voters Legal source does not mention turnout quorum
Marshall Islands PCI 25% of electorate No information in legal source Majority of votes Legal source does not mention turnout quorum
Federated States of Micronesia LOR 3/4 of the votes cast 3/4 of the votes cast in each of 3/4 of the states
Federated States of Micronesia LOR No special approval quorum found in legal source No turnout quorum found in legal source
Federated States of Micronesia PCI+ 10% of the elect. No information in legal source approved by 3/4 of the votes cast on that amendment Legal source does not mention turnout quorum
Federated States of Micronesia LOR Approved by 3/4 of the votes cast on that amendment Legal source does not mention turnout quorum
Nauru LOR Approved by not less than two-thirds of all the votes validly cast Legal source does not mention turnout quorum
Germany ATP
Germany ATP Legal source does not mention special approval quorum Legal source does not mention turnout quorum
France PAX 1/10 th of electorate 9 months
New Zealand ATP No special approval quorum found in legal source No turnout quorum found in legal source
New Zealand LOR Carried by a majority of the valid votes cast at a poll of the electors of the General and Maori electoral districts No turnout quorum found in legal source
Niue LOR majority but: in the case of specific Bill (Art.35 b,i) 2/3rd majority Legal source does not mention turnout quorum
Czechia LOR No information found in legal source No information found in legal source
Iceland ATP Majority of votes cast
Fiji LOR Majority None
France MTP 1/10 of electorate No special approval quorum found in legal source No turnout quorum found in legal source
Philippines ATP Legal source does not mention special approval quorum Legal source does not mention turnout quorum
Palau LOR Majority of votes Legal source does not mention turnout quorum
Palau LOR 3/4th majority Legal source does not mention turnout quorum
Palau LOR 3/4th majority Legal source does not mention turnout quorum
Palau LOR "(..) majority of the votes cast on that amendment and..." Legal source does not mention turnout quorum
Palau PCI 25% of voters No information in legal source Legal source does not mention special approval quorum Legal source does not mention turnout quorum
Palau PCR 10% of electorate No information in legal source Majority of voters Legal source does not mention turnout quorum
Palau PCI 10% of electorate No information in legal source Legal source does not mention special approval quorum Legal source does not mention turnout quorum
Vanuatu LOR Legal source does not mention special approval quorum Legal source does not mention turnout quorum
Timor-Leste AVP Legal source does not mention special approval quorum Binding if: min. 50%+ of the electorate takes part in referendum
Timor-Leste ATP Legal source does not mention special approval quorum Binding: 50%+ of electorate takes part in ballot
Timor-Leste LOR Legal source does not mention special approval quorum Legal source does not mention turnout quorum
Andorra LOR Legal source does not mention special approval quorum Legal source does not mention turnout quorum
Georgia PAX 30 000 No information in legal source
Georgia PCI 200 000 3 months The referendum issue will be passed if more than half of the voters vote for it. References: LAW ON THE REFERENDUM, 2003 The referendum is unauthorized if less than 1/2 of citizens who have a right to vote, participate in it- References: LAW ON THE REFERENDUM, 2003
Georgia ATP The referendum issue will be passed if more than 1/2 of the voters vote For. References: LAW ON THE REFERENDUM, 2003 The referendum is unauthorized if less than 1/2 of citizens who have a right to vote, participate in it.# References: LAW ON THE REFERENDUM, 2003
Japan LOR Affirmative vote: a majority of all votes cast Legal source does not mention turnout quorum
Israel LOR Approval: number of voters for the aggreement is bigger than the voters against in the referendum Legal source does not mention turnout quorum
Mongolia ATP Majority of votes Valid: the majority of eligible citizens has taken part,
Mongolia ATP Majority Valid: the majority of eligible citizens has taken part
Philippines LOR Majority of votes cast Legal source does not mention turnout quorum
Philippines LOR Majority of the votes cast Legal source does not mention turnout quorum
Philippines PCI 12% of the electorate The Initiative on the Constitution may be exercised only after five (5) years from the ratification of the 1987 Constitution and only once every five (5) years thereafter. Legal source does not mention special approval quorum Legal source does not mention turnout quorum
Philippines PCI 10% of Elect. No information in legal source Majority of the votes cast Legal source does not mention turnout quorum
Philippines PCR 10% of Electorate No information found in legal source Majority of the votes cast Legal source does not mention turnout quorum
South Korea ATP Legal source does not mention special approval quorum Legal source does not mention turnout quorum
South Korea LOR More than one half of al votes cast More than one half of voters eligible to vote in elections for members of the National Assembly
Taiwan LOR Number of valid votes in favor exceeds one-half of the total number of electors. Legal source does not mention turnout quorum
Colombia PCR 5% of the electorate 6 months Majority At least one-fourth of the electorate
Serbia ATP Majority of voters 50% of the electorate - Article 24 ZAKON O REFERENDUMU I NARODNOJ INICIJATIV (accessed August 2, 2018)
Peru PAX 0.3% of the electorate No information found in legal sources Legal source does not mention special approval quorum Legal source does not mention turnout quorum
Sweden ATP Simple majority No
Taiwan AVP Majority Valid ballots of assent are more than ballots of dissent and reach 1/4 of eligible voters.
Taiwan ATP Majority Article 29 With regard to the result of voting for a proposal of referendum, if valid ballots of assent are more than ballots of dissent and reach 1/4 of eligible voters, the proposal is adopted. If valid ballots of assent are less than ballots of dissent or do not reach the quantity prescribed in the preceding Paragraph, the proposal is vetoed.
Mexico PAX 0.13 % of electorate No information in legal sources
Mexico PCI 2% of electorate See Art. 13 of the law Legal source does not mention special approval quorum Art.35 VIII 2. When the total participation corresponds, at least forty percent of the citizens subscribed in the voters registration list, the result will be binding for the Federal Executive and Legislative powers and for the competent authorities;
Mexico ATP Legal source does not mention special approval quorum Art.35 VIII 2. When the total participation corresponds, at least forty percent of the citizens subscribed in the voters registration list, the result will be binding for the Federal Executive and Legislative powers and for the competent authorities;
Canada ATP Legal source does not mention special approval quorum Legal source does not mention turnout quorum
Austria ATP Legal source does not mention special approval quorum Legal source does not mention turnout quorum
Switzerland PCI+ 100 000 18 months Majority of those who vote and a majority of the Cantons No
Switzerland LOR Majority of those who vote and a majority of the Cantons Legal source does not mention turnout quorum
Switzerland PCR 50 000 100 days after official publication Majority of votes Legal source does not mention turnout quorum
Serbia PAX 30000 (law)150 000 (constitutional amendments) 7 days
Panama PAX 20% of the electorate 6 months
Liberia PAX 10 000 No information in legal source
Ecuador ATP Absolute majority of valid votes Legal source does not mention turnout quorum
Finland PAX 50 000 6 months
Brazil ATP Simple majority of voters. Legal source does not mention turnout quorum
Malta PCR 10% of electorate No time period found; but not before 2 years after another decision by popular vote Majority 50%+1 of the electorate
Guyana LOR Majority of votes No turnout quorum found in legal source
Tunisia AVP No special approval quorum found in legal source No turnout quorum found in legal source
Albania PAX 20 000 No information found in legal source
Ghana LOR At least seventy-five percent of the persons who voted cast their votes in favour At least forty percent of the persons entitled to vote, voted at the referendum
Albania PAX 50 000 During the period from 1 January to 30 November of each year
Albania ATP Majority Majority: not less than 1/3rd of the total electorate
Albania MTP Majority Majority: Min. 1/3rd of the total electorate
Albania ATP Majority Majority: Min. 1/3rd of total electorate
Albania AVP Majority Majority: Min. 1/3rd of total electorate
Madagascar LOR No special approval quorum found in legal source No turnout quorum found in legal source
Madagascar ATP No special approval quorum found in legal source No turnout quorum found in legal source
Samoa LOR 2/3rd majority of valid votes None
Niger ATP No special approval quorum found in legal source No information found in legal source
Sierra Leone ATP "The issue in the referendum shall not be regarded as having been approved at that referendum unless it was so approved by the votes of not less than one-half of all such persons or by not less than two-thirds of all the valid votes cast" "The issue in the referendum shall not be regarded as having been approved at that referendum unless it was so approved by the votes of not less than one-half of all such persons or by not less than two-thirds of all the valid votes cast"
Nepal ATP No special approval quorum found in legal source No information found in legal source
Sierra Leone LOR So approved by the votes of not less than one-half of all such persons and by not less than two-thirds of all the votes validly cast at the referendum So approved by the votes of not less than one-half of all such persons and by not less than two-thirds of all the votes validly cast at the referendum
Niger LOR No special approval quorum found in legal source No information found in legal source
Montenegro PAX Laws: 6000; referendum: 10% of the electorate No information found in legal source
Montenegro LOR 3/5th of all voters None
Maldives ATP No special approval quorum found in legal source No information found in legal source
Maldives AVP Majority of voters None
Moldova LOR Majority of registered voters No turnout quorum found in legal source
Maldives LOR Majority of votes None
Moldova ATP No special approval quorum found in legal source No information found in legal source
Moldova PAX 200 000 No information found in legal source
Spain LOR Majority No information found in legal source
Croatia LOR Majority of all voters Majority of all voters
Netherlands PAX 40 000 No information in legal source
Tunisia ATP Majority of votes cast No turnout quorum found in legal source
Bulgaria PCI 400 000 Article 12 (8) provides that if the petition is not submitted to the National Assembly within three months upon the notification under Paragraph 2 (3), the procedure for presenting the referendum proposal shall be terminated- More than half of the voters Article 23 (1) The proposal, subject to the referendum thereof, shall be considered accepted if the number of voters, who have participated in the balloting, is not less than the voters who participated in the last National Assembly elections and if more
Belize LOR Legal source does not mention special approval quorum Legal source does not mention turnout quorum
Grenada LOR 2/3rd of the votes Legal source does not mention turnout quorum
Bolivia PCI 20% No information in legal source Legal source does not mention special approval quorum Legal source does not mention turnout quorum
Taiwan PCI 1,5% of electorate - Initial phase: one-ten thousandth of the electorate 6 months Majority Valid ballots of assent are more than ballots of dissent and reach 1/4 of eligible voters
Serbia LOR Majority of voters 50% of the electorate - Article 24 ZAKON O REFERENDUMU I NARODNOJ INICIJATIV (accessed August 2, 2018)
Denmark LOR Accepted: majority Rejected: Majority equals at least 30% of total electorate Art. 42 (5) At the referendum votes shall be cast for or against the Bill. For the Bill to be rejected, a majority of the electors who vote and not less than thirty per cent of all persons who are entitled to vote, shall have voted against the Bill.
Slovakia PCI 350 000 No information in legal source Absolute majority of voters Majority of all voters participated in the referendum
Greece ATP Majority of valid votes At least 50% of registered voters have voted
Chile AVP No special approval quorum mentioned in legal source No turnout quorum mentioned in legal source
Paraguay PAX 2% of the electorate No information in legal source
Albania PCR 50 000 See signature period above Majority Majority must correspond 1/3rd of the total electorate
New Zealand PCI 10% of electorate 12 months Legal source does not mention special approval quorum Legal source does not mention turnout quorum
Denmark PAX 50 000 180 days